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Biology - Curriculum

Here you will find course descriptions for the courses required to complete the Biology degree program. For more information, please check the MACU Course catalog.
BY 141 General Biology
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4
An introductory study of biological science. This course includes an investigation of the basic principles of the study of life including: molecular biology, cell structure and function, genetics, and ecology. Prerequisite: MA 012 or competence.

BY 151 General Zoology
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course provides an introduction to the classification, relationships, structure, and function of major animal phyla. Emphasis is placed on levels of organization, reproduction and development, comparative systems, and a survey of selected phyla. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate comprehension of animal form and function including comparative systems of selected groups.

BY 168 Anatomy and Physiology I
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course provides a comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include body organization, homeostasis, cytology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems and special senses. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships.

BY 169 Anatomy and Physiology II
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course provides a continuation of the comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as metabolism, nutrition, acid-base balance, and fluid and electrolyte balance. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships. Prerequisite: BY 168

BY 201 Medical Terminology
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 0
Total Credit Hours: 3

This course provides the basic knowledge of medical language that students need to communicate clearly and understand communication from other health care team members. Exercises are included that help students memorize word parts and their meanings so they can combine parts to form medical terms. New terms and abbreviations reflect advances in technology and changes in health care delivery systems, providing the student with the most up-to-date terminology.

BY 275 Principles of Microbiology
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

A study of microorganisms with an emphasis placed on pathogenesis, principles of immunity and resistance to disease. Content of the course will include a study of microbial cell structure, physiology, environmental requirements, growth, modes of reproduction and genetics. The lab time will introduce students to the basic microbiological techniques used in the laboratory for the isolation, growth and/or identification of medically important bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Prerequisite: BY 169 or BY 141 with a grade of C or higher.

BY 231 General Botany
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course is intended to provide an introduction to plant biology. Topics include plant structure and physiology, development, classification, diversity, and the roles plants play in ecological systems. Emphasis will be placed on the plant kingdom in terms of structure, ecology, and exploring the nature of the major plant biomes.

BY 323 Biochemistry
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

An introduction to cellular chemistry with topics presented in association with biological systems. Topics include protein structure and enzyme function, carbohydrate, lipid and amino acid metabolism, nucleic acid synthesis and function and genetic engineering. Prerequisite: CH 302

BY 341 Cell Biology
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 0
Total Credit Hours: 3

This course is an introduction to the regulation of cellular structure and function at the molecular level with an emphasis on the integration of biological and chemical aspects at the molecular level. Prerequisite: BY 323 and CH 152 with a grade of C or higher.

BY 351 Ecology
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course introduces students to modern ecology concepts. Topics include: adaptation of organisms to the environment; factors that influence the distribution and abundance of species; population structure, laws of thermodynamics and regulation; community development (succession), structure and function; food webs, energy flow, and nutrient cycling. Prerequisite: BY 151 and BY 231 with grades of C or higher

BY 481 Intro to Biological Research
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 0
Total Credit Hours: 3

This course will provide the student with beginning experience to the methodology of biological research, experimental design and scientific writing. Topics range from ecology and the environment to genetics, evolution and ethics in biological issues. Students will work in a one-on-one arrangement with an assigned science professor.

CH 151 General Chemistry I
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course is a study of the basic principles of matter, including stoichiometry, atomic theory, bonding theories, gas laws, and acid/base theory. Laboratory experiments will emphasize lecture concepts and be an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: Recommend 1 year of high school algebra

CH 152 General Chemistry II
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This is a continuation of CH 151. Advanced topics covered in this course include: equilibria, acids and bases, complexes, sparingly soluble compounds, thermodynamics, kinetics, electrochemistry, and solution theory. Descriptive inorganic chemistry is also introduced. Laboratory exercises will emphasize lecture concepts and be an integral part of the course. Prerequisite: MA 171 Pre-calculus, CH 151 with a grade of C or higher.

CH 301 Organic Chemistry I
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course is an introduction to the study of organic compounds. The structure, nomenclature, synthesis and reactions of the major classes of organic compounds are studied, along with the major themes of reaction mechanisms and spectroscopic methods of identification. Prerequisite: CH 152 with a grade of C- or higher or permission of instructor.

CH 302 Organic Chemistry II
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 3
Total Credit Hours: 4

This is a continuation of CH 301. Topics of study will include reactions of aldehydes, ketones, phenols and alcohols. Prerequisite: CH 301 with a grade of C- or higher.

PY 151 Physics I
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 2
Total Credit Hours: 4

The introduction of a two-semester survey of classical physics, focusing upon the motion of solids and fluids as governed by Newton’s Laws, the conservation laws of energy, momentum, and angular motion. Prerequisites: MA 161 or equivalent.

PY 152 Physics II
Class Hours: 3
Lab Hours: 2
Total Credit Hours: 4

This course is a continuation of PY 151 and covers the quantum mechanics of simple systems, atoms, and molecules; covering electrostatics, electrical circuits, magnetism, Maxwell’s Equations, electromagnetic radiation, light and sound. The course requires two hours of lecture and three hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: PHY 151 with a grade of C or higher.

Here you will find course descriptions for the courses required to complete the Biology degree program. For more information, please check the MACU Course catalog.